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Am J Cardiol. 2005 Aug 15;96(4):602-6.

Relation of right ventricular free wall mechanical delay to right ventricular dysfunction as determined by tissue Doppler imaging.

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1
Cardiovascular Institute at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. lopezcandalesa@upmc.edu

Abstract

Several well-established echocardiographic parameters used in the assessment of right ventricular (RV) performance, as well as tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) to investigate RV free wall mechanical events, were prospectively obtained from a heterogenous group of 20 patients with varying degrees of pulmonary hypertension (mean age 51 +/- 13 years; World Health Organization class average 2.8, mean pulmonary systolic pressure 78 +/- 24 mm Hg) and compared with similar data retrospectively obtained from 20 healthy volunteers (mean age 45 +/- 15 years). Patients with varying degrees of pulmonary hypertension had worse RV performance parameters than healthy volunteers (RV fractional area change 37 +/- 13% vs 52 +/- 5%, p < 0.0001; RV myocardial performance index 0.76 +/- 0.31 vs 0.29 +/- 0.11, p < 0.0001; and eccentricity index 1.41 +/- 0.57 vs 0.98 +/- 0.06, p < 0.005). Similarly, in these patients with abnormal RV performance, TDI showed statistically significant smaller peak longitudinal RV free wall strain (-21.5 +/- 9.0% vs -28.0 +/- 4.1%, p < 0.01) and significantly delayed time to peak strain (459 +/- 76 vs 388 +/- 29 ms, p < 0.0005) values than in healthy volunteers; a very strong correlation between RV mechanical delay and RV fractional area change (r = -0.89) was noted.

PMID:
16098321
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjcard.2005.04.028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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