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Genes Cells. 2005 Aug;10(8):803-11.

Inhibition of the 53BP2S-mediated apoptosis by nuclear factor kappaB and Bcl-2 family proteins.

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1
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Aichi 467-8601, Japan.

Abstract

The p53 binding protein 2 (53BP2) has been identified independently as the interacting protein to p53, Bcl-2, and p65 subunit of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB). It was demonstrated that over-expression of 53BP2 (renamed as 53BP2S) induces apoptotic cell death. In this study we explored the effect of NF-kappaB activation elicited by a physiological NF-kappaB inducer, interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins on the 53BP2S-mediated apoptosis. We found that both NF-kappaB activation and Bcl-2 family proteins could prevent the 53BP2S-mediated depression of mitochondrial transmembrane potential, activation of caspase-9, cleavage of poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP), and cell death. These observations suggested that 53BP2S/Bbp and its directly or indirectly interacting proteins might play crucial roles in the regulation of apoptosis and contribute to carcinogenesis. It is also suggested that 53BP2S/Bbp induces apoptosis through the mitochondrial death pathway presumably by counteracting the actions of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins. The regulatory network of the 53BP2S-mediated apoptosis cascade including its interacting proteins is discussed.

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