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Hypertens Res. 2005 Mar;28(3):191-202.

Hypertensive heart disease.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology, Long Island Jewish Hospital, New Hyde Park, New York 10040, USA.


Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and diastolic dysfunction (CHF-D) are the early manifestations of cardiovascular target organ damage in patients with arterial hypertension and signify hypertensive heart disease. Identification of hypertensive heart disease is critical, as these individuals are more prone to congestive heart failure, arrhythmias, myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death. Regression of left ventricular (LV) mass with antihypertensive therapy decreases the risk of future cardiovascular events. The goal of antihypertensive therapy is to both lower blood pressure (BP) and interrupt BP-independent pathophysiologic processes that promote LVH and CHF-D. The purpose of this review is to summarize current and emerging approaches to the pathophysiology and treatment of hypertensive heart disease.

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