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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2005 Oct;56(4):773-6. Epub 2005 Aug 11.

Global distribution of TEM-1 and ROB-1 beta-lactamases in Haemophilus influenzae.

Author information

1
GR Micro Limited, 7-9 William Road, London NW1 3ER, UK. D.Farrell@grmicro.co.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the global distribution of TEM-1 and ROB-1 beta-lactamases in Haemophilus influenzae isolated from patients with community-acquired respiratory tract infection during the first 4 years of the PROTEKT study (1999-2003). To investigate the activities of commonly used antibiotics against these isolates.

METHODS:

For 14 870 H. influenzae, MIC testing was performed using NCCLS broth microdilution methodology. For 2225 beta-lactamase-positive (BLP) H. influenzae, TEM-1 and ROB-1 genes were detected using a Taqman PCR method.

RESULTS:

beta-Lactamase positivity was 15.0% overall but varied greatly by country (<5% in several countries to 67.9% in Taiwan). Prevalences of TEM-1 and ROB-1 BLP H. influenzae were 93.7% and 4.6%, respectively, however almost all ROB-1 isolates were found in Canada, the USA and Mexico. ROB-1 isolates (n = 102) were less susceptible against cefaclor (29.4% versus 87.6%) and cefprozil (42.2% versus 91.9%) than TEM-1 (n = 2085) isolates. Differences in susceptibility rates for chloramphenicol, co-trimoxazole and tetracycline were also found between the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

The ROB-1 beta-lactamase was found almost exclusively in North America and was more active against cefaclor and cefprozil than the TEM-1 beta-lactamase.

PMID:
16096320
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dki281
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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