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Vaccine. 1992;10(7):443-6.

Clinical acceptability and immunogenicity of CVD 908 Salmonella typhi vaccine strain.

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Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21201.


An attenuated Salmonella typhi strain has been sought as an improved oral typhoid vaccine and as a carrier of protective antigens of other pathogens to make hybrid vaccines. Ideally, such a strain would be safe and induce protective immune responses after a single oral dose. CVD 908 is a mutant of S. typhi wild-type strain Ty2 with recombinant deletions in two genes, aroC and aroD. In phase 1 testing to date, this strain has not produced febrile responses or other significant adverse reactions in adult volunteers given doses of 5 x 10(4) to 5 x 10(7) organisms with sodium bicarbonate. In addition, after just a single oral dose of 5 x 10(7) colony-forming units, this strain induced IgG seroconversion to S. typhi lipopolysaccharide in 83% of vaccinees and stimulated specific IgA-secreting gut-derived lymphocytes in 100% of vaccinees. CVD 908 is a new oral typhoid vaccine that should be further investigated as a carrier for expressing foreign antigens in recombinant vaccine constructs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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