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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2005 Dec;289(6):C1426-36. Epub 2005 Aug 10.

Modulation of intracellular Ca2+ release and capacitative Ca2+ entry by CaMKII inhibitors in bovine vascular endothelial cells.

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Dept. of Physiology, Loyola Univ. Chicago, 2160 South First Ave., Maywood, IL 60153, USA.


The effects of inhibitors of CaMKII on intracellular Ca2+ signaling were examined in single calf pulmonary artery endothelial (CPAE) cells using indo-1 microfluorometry to measure cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i). The three CaMKII inhibitors, KN-93, KN-62, and autocamtide-2-related inhibitory peptide (AIP), all reduced the plateau phase of the [Ca2+]i transient evoked by stimulation with extracellular ATP. Exposure to KN-93 or AIP alone in the presence of 2 mM extracellular Ca2+ resulted in a dose-dependent increase of [Ca2+]i consisting of a rapid and transient Ca2+ spike followed by a small sustained plateau phase of elevated [Ca2+]i. Exposure to KN-93 in the absence of extracellular Ca2+ caused a transient rise of [Ca2+]i, suggesting that exposure to CaMKII inhibitors directly triggered release of Ca2+ from intracellular endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+ stores. Repetitive stimulation with KN-93 and ATP, respectively, revealed that both components released Ca2+ largely from the same store. Pretreatment of CPAE cells with the membrane-permeable inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor blocker 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate caused a significant inhibition of the KN-93-induced Ca2+ response, suggesting that exposure to KN-93 affects Ca2+ release from an IP3-sensitive store. Depletion of Ca2+ stores by exposure to ATP or to the ER Ca2+ pump inhibitor thapsigargin triggered robust capacitative Ca2+ entry (CCE) signals in CPAE cells that could be blocked effectively with KN-93. The data suggest that in CPAE cells, CaMKII modulates Ca2+ handling at different levels. The use of CaMKII inhibitors revealed that in CPAE cells, the most profound effects of CaMKII are inhibition of release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores and activation of CCE.

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