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Phys Rev Lett. 2005 Jul 8;95(2):022003. Epub 2005 Jul 8.

Measurement of the cross section for prompt diphoton production in pp collisions at square root of s=1.96 TeV.

Acosta D, Adelman J, Affolder T, Akimoto T, Albrow MG, Ambrose D, Amerio S, Amidei D, Anastassov A, Anikeev K, Annovi A, Antos J, Aoki M, Apollinari G, Arisawa T, Arguin JF, Artikov A, Ashmanskas W, Attal A, Azfar F, Azzi-Bacchetta P, Bacchetta N, Bachacou H, Badgett W, Barbaro-Galtieri A, Barker GJ, Barnes VE, Barnett BA, Baroiant S, Barone M, Bauer G, Bedeschi F, Behari S, Belforte S, Bellettini G, Bellinger J, Ben-Haim E, Benjamin D, Beretvas A, Bhatti A, Binkley M, Bisello D, Bishai M, Blair RE, Blocker C, Bloom K, Blumenfeld B, Bocci A, Bodek A, Bolla G, Bolshov A, Booth PS, Bortoletto D, Boudreau J, Bourov S, Brau B, Bromberg C, Brubaker E, Budagov J, Budd HS, Burkett K, Busetto G, Bussey P, Byrum KL, Cabrera S, Campanelli M, Campbell M, Canepa A, Casarsa M, Carlsmith D, Carron S, Carosi R, Cavalli-Sforza M, Castro A, Catastini P, Cauz D, Cerri A, Cerrito L, Chapman J, Chen C, Chen YC, Chertok M, Chiarelli G, Chlachidze G, Chlebana F, Cho I, Cho K, Chokheli D, Chou JP, Chu ML, Chuang S, Chung JY, Chung WH, Chung YS, Ciobanu CI, Ciocci MA, Clark AG, Clark D, Coca M, Connolly A, Convery M, Conway J, Cooper B, Cordelli M, Cortiana G, Cranshaw J, Cuevas J, Culbertson R, Currat C, Cyr D, Dagenhart D, Da Ronco S, D'Auria S, de Barbaro P, De Cecco S, De Lentdecker G, Dell'Agnello S, Dell'Orso M, Demers S, Demortier L, Deninno M, De Pedis D, Derwent PF, Dionisi C, Dittmann JR, Dörr C, Doksus P, Dominguez A, Donati S, Donega M, Donini J, D'Onofrio M, Dorigo T, Drollinger V, Ebina K, Eddy N, Ehlers J, Ely R, Erbacher R, Erdmann M, Errede D, Errede S, Eusebi R, Fang HC, Farrington S, Fedorko I, Fedorko WT, Feild RG, Feindt M, Fernandez JP, Ferretti C, Field RD, Flanagan G, Flaugher B, Flores-Castillo LR, Foland A, Forrester S, Foster GW, Franklin M, Freeman JC, Fujii Y, Furic I, Gajjar A, Gallas A, Galyardt J, Gallinaro M, Garcia-Sciveres M, Garfinkel AF, Gay C, Gerberich H, Gerdes DW, Gerchtein E, Giagu S, Giannetti P, Gibson A, Gibson K, Ginsburg C, Giolo K, Giordani M, Giunta M, Giurgiu G, Glagolev V, Glenzinski D, Gold M, Goldschmidt N, Goldstein D, Goldstein J, Gomez G, Gomez-Ceballos G, Goncharov M, González O, Gorelov I, Goshaw AT, Gotra Y, Goulianos K, Gresele A, Griffiths M, Grosso-Pilcher C, Grundler U, Guenther M, Guimaraes da Costa J, Haber C, Hahn K, Hahn SR, Halkiadakis E, Hamilton A, Han BY, Handler R, Happacher F, Hara K, Hare M, Harr RF, Harris RM, Hartmann F, Hatakeyama K, Hauser J, Hays C, Hayward H, Heider E, Heinemann B, Heinrich J, Hennecke M, Herndon M, Hill C, Hirschbuehl D, Hocker A, Hoffman KD, Holloway A, Hou S, Houlden MA, Huffman BT, Huang Y, Hughes RE, Huston J, Ikado K, Incandela J, Introzzi G, Iori M, Ishizawa Y, Issever C, Ivanov A, Iwata Y, Iyutin B, James E, Jang D, Jarrell J, Jeans D, Jensen H, Jeon EJ, Jones M, Joo KK, Jun SY, Junk T, Kamon T, Kang J, Karagoz Unel M, Karchin PE, Kartal S, Kato Y, Kemp Y, Kephart R, Kerzel U, Khotilovich V, Kilminster B, Kim DH, Kim HS, Kim JE, Kim MJ, Kim MS, Kim SB, Kim SH, Kim TH, Kim YK, King BT, Kirby M, Kirsch L, Klimenko S, Knuteson B, Ko BR, Kobayashi H, Koehn P, Kong DJ, Kondo K, Konigsberg J, Kordas K, Korn A, Korytov A, Kotelnikov K, Kotwal AV, Kovalev A, Kraus J, Kravchenko I, Kreymer A, Kroll J, Kruse M, Krutelyov V, Kuhlmann SE, Kwang S, Laasanen AT, Lai S, Lami S, Lammel S, Lancaster J, Lancaster M, Lander R, Lannon K, Lath A, Latino G, Lauhakangas R, Lazzizzera I, Le Y, Lecci C, LeCompte T, Lee J, Lee J, Lee SW, Lefèvre R, Leonardo N, Leone S, Levy S, Lewis JD, Li K, Lin C, Lin CS, Lindgren M, Liss TM, Lister A, Litvintsev DO, Liu T, Liu Y, Lockyer NS, Loginov A, Loreti M, Loverre P, Lu RS, Lucchesi D, Lujan P, Lukens P, Lungu G, Lyons L, Lys J, Lysak R, MacQueen D, Madrak R, Maeshima K, Maksimovic P, Malferrari L, Manca G, Marginean R, Marino C, Martin A, Martin M, Martin V, Martínez M, Maruyama T, Matsunaga H, Mattson M, Mazzanti P, McFarland KS, McGivern D, McIntyre PM, McNamara P, NcNulty R, Mehta A, Menzemer S, Menzione A, Merkel P, Mesropian C, Messina A, Miao T, Miladinovic N, Miller L, Miller R, Miller JS, Miquel R, Miscetti S, Mitselmakher G, Miyamoto A, Miyazaki Y, Moggi N, Mohr B, Moore R, Morello M, Movilla Fernandez PA, Mukherjee A, Mulhearn M, Muller T, Mumford R, Munar A, Murat P, Nachtman J, Nahn S, Nakamura I, Nakano I, Napier A, Napora R, Naumov D, Necula V, Niell F, Nielsen J, Nelson C, Nelson T, Neu C, Neubauer MS, Newman-Holmes C, Nigmanov T, Nodulman L, Norniella O, Oesterberg K, Ogawa T, Oh SH, Oh YD, Ohsugi T, Okusawa T, Oldeman R, Orava R, Orejudos W, Pagliarone C, Palencia E, Paoletti R, Papadimitriou V, Pashapour S, Patrick J, Pauletta G, Paulini M, Pauly T, Paus C, Pellett D, Penzo A, Phillips TJ, Piacentino G, Piedra J, Pitts KT, Plager C, Pompos A, Pondrom L, Pope G, Portell X, Poukhov O, Prakoshyn F, Pratt T, Pronko A, Proudfoot J, Ptohos F, Punzi G, Rademacker J, Rahaman MA, Rakitine A, Rappoccio S, Ratnikov F, Ray H, Reisert B, Rekovic V, Renton P, Rescigno M, Rimondi F, Rinnert K, 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Zucchelli S; CDF Collaboration.

Abstract

We report a measurement of the rate of prompt diphoton production in pp collisions at square root of s=1.96 TeV using a data sample of 207 pb(-1) collected with the upgraded Collider Detector at Fermilab. The background from nonprompt sources is determined using a statistical method based on differences in the electromagnetic showers. The cross section is measured as a function of the diphoton mass, the transverse momentum of the diphoton system, and the azimuthal angle between the two photons and is found to be consistent with perturbative QCD predictions.

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