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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2005 Jul;72(1 Pt 2):016611. Epub 2005 Jul 13.

Semiclassical model of stimulated Raman scattering in photonic crystals.

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1
5130 Etcheverry Hall, NSF Nano-scale Science and Engineering Center, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-1740, USA.

Abstract

We study the stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) of light from an atomic system embedded in a photonic crystal and coherently pumped by a laser field. In our study, the electromagnetic field is treated classically and the atomic system is described quantum mechanically. Considering a decomposition of the pump and Stokes fields into the Bloch modes of the photonic crystals and using a multiscale analysis, we derive the Maxwell-Bloch equations for SRS in photonic crystals. These equations contain effective parameters that characterize the SRS gain, the nonlinear atomic response to the electromagnetic field, and the group velocity and that can be calculated in terms of the Bloch modes of the unperturbed photonic crystal. We show that if the pump laser frequency is tuned near a photonic band edge and the atomic system is carefully chosen such that the Stokes mode matches another photonic band edge, low-threshold, enhanced Raman amplification is possible. Possible physical realizations of SRS in photonic crystals are also discussed.

PMID:
16090111
DOI:
10.1103/PhysRevE.72.016611
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