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J Cell Biochem. 2005 Oct 1;96(2):330-8.

Upregulation of Daxx mediates apoptosis in response to oxidative stress.

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Center for Systems Biology, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Taejon 305-333, Korea.


Oxidative stress induces apoptosis in a variety of cell types by as yet unclear signaling mechanisms. The Daxx protein is reportedly involved in apoptosis through its interactions with Fas, transforming growth factor-beta receptor, and promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML). Here, we explored the possible roles of Daxx in oxidative stress-induced apoptosis. We found that both the mRNA and protein levels of Daxx markedly increased when cells underwent apoptosis after H2O2 treatment. Pretreatment with the cell-permeable antioxidant, N-acetyl cysteine, prevented cells from H2O2-induced Daxx upregulation and subsequent apoptosis, indicating that the endogenous oxidant regulated Daxx expression. Furthermore, suppression of endogenous Daxx expression by antisense oligonucleotide technology inhibited oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in HeLa cells. Taken together, these results suggest that Daxx acts as an intermediary messenger of pro-apoptotic signals triggered by oxidative stress.

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