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Am J Med Genet A. 2005 Sep 1;137A(3):302-4.

Recurrence of Mowat-Wilson syndrome in siblings with the same proven mutation.

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Queensland Clinical Genetics Service, Royal Children's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.


Mowat-Wilson syndrome (MWS) is a mental retardation syndrome associated with distinctive facial features, microcephaly, epilepsy, and a variable spectrum of congenital anomalies, including Hirschsprung disease (HSCR), agenesis of the corpus callosum, genitourinary abnormalities, and congenital heart disease. Heterozygous mutations or deletions involving the gene ZFHX1B (previously SIP1) [OMIM 605802] have recently been found to cause MWS. There have previously been no reports of a sibling recurrence of this syndrome. A brother and sister are described with clinical features of MWS, where both have the same truncating mutation in exon 8 of ZFHX1B. As their parents are phenotypically normal and do not have the mutation in lymphocyte-derived DNA, the most likely explanation is germ-line mosaicism.

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