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Osteoporos Int. 2005 Dec;16(12):1948-54. Epub 2005 Aug 9.

Serum insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 levels and bone mineral density in older adults: the Rancho Bernardo Study.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego and VA San Diego Healthcare System, La Jolla, CA, USA.


Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) stimulates osteoblast function, inhibits collagen matrix degradation, and is positively associated with bone mineral density in most but not all studies. We previously reported that IGF-I was positively associated with BMD at the spine and hip in women but not men. Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), a potent modulator of IGF-I, is expressed in normal osteoblasts and inhibits collagen gene expression in bone, but little is known about the relationship between IGFBP-1 and bone mineral density (BMD). We report a cross-sectional study of serum IGFBP-1 levels and BMD in 1,139 community-dwelling men and postmenopausal women (not using estrogen), aged 44-98. In both sexes, IGFBP-1 levels increased linearly with age (p<0.001) and decreased with body mass index (BMI) quartile (p<0.001). After adjusting for age and BMI, there was no significant association between IGFBP-1 and BMD at the hip or spine. IGF-I and IGFBP-1 were weakly and inversely associated with each other. These findings suggest that if there is an important role for IGFBP-1 in bone metabolism, it is mediated or confounded by weight. Studies are needed to further investigate the relationship between inhibitory components of IGF-1 and bone loss.

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