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J Dent. 2006 Mar;34(3):214-20. Epub 2005 Aug 8.

Effect of acidic food and drinks on surface hardness of enamel, dentine, and tooth-coloured filling materials.

Author information

1
Department of Operative Dentistry, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of acidic food and drinks (Cola soft drink, drinking yogurt, orange juice, sports drink, Tom-yum soup) on surface hardness of various substrates (enamel, dentine, universal composite, microfilled composite, conventional glass ionomer, resin-modified glass ionomer, polyacid-modified resin composite).

METHODS:

Specimens (n = 10) were alternately immersed, 5 s each, in food or drinks and in artificial saliva for 10 cycles. Baseline and post-immersion Vickers hardness were compared using paired t-test. The difference in hardness between the groups was analysed with one-way ANOVA followed by a least significant different (LSD) test.

RESULTS:

Cola soft drink significantly reduced surface hardness of enamel, dentine, microfilled composite, and resin modified glass ionomer (p < 0.05). Orange juice and sports drink significantly reduced surface hardness of enamel (p < 0.05). Drinking yogurt and Tom-yum soup did not reduce surface hardness of any substrate.

CONCLUSION:

This in vitro study confirms the erosive potential of certain acidic food and drinks that public should be aware of.

PMID:
16087287
DOI:
10.1016/j.jdent.2005.06.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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