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BMJ. 2005 Aug 13;331(7513):384-7. Epub 2005 Aug 5.

Single blind, randomised, comparative study of the Bug Buster kit and over the counter pediculicide treatments against head lice in the United Kingdom.

Author information

1
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT. nigel.hill@lshtm.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the effectiveness of the Bug Buster kit with a single treatment of over the counter pediculicides for eliminating head lice.

DESIGN:

Single blind, multicentre, randomised, comparative clinical study.

SETTING:

Four counties in England and one county in Scotland.

PARTICIPANTS:

133 young people aged 2-15 years with head louse infestation: 56 were allocated to the Bug Buster kit and 70 to pediculicide treatment.

INTERVENTIONS:

Home use of proprietary pediculicides (organophosphate or pyrethroid) or the Bug Buster kit.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Presence of head lice 2-4 days after end of treatment: day 5 for the pediculicides and day 15 for the Bug Buster kit.

RESULTS:

The cure rate using the Bug Buster kit was significantly greater than that for the pediculicides (57% v 13%; relative risk 4.4, 95% confidence interval 2.3 to 8.5). Number needed to treat for the Bug Buster kit compared with the pediculicides was 2.26.

CONCLUSION:

The Bug Buster kit was the most effective over the counter treatment for head louse infestation in the community when compared with pediculicides.

PMID:
16085658
PMCID:
PMC1184251
DOI:
10.1136/bmj.38537.468623.E0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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