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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2005 Dec;37(12):2559-73. Epub 2005 Jul 21.

Eotaxin-3/CCL26 gene expression in intestinal epithelial cells is up-regulated by interleukin-4 and interleukin-13 via the signal transducer and activator of transcription 6.

Author information

1
INSERM U45, Faculté de Médecine Laennec, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France.

Abstract

Several inflammatory processes of the bowel are characterized by an accumulation of eosinophils at sites of inflammation. The mechanisms that govern mucosal infiltration with eosinophils are not fully understood. Eotaxin-3/CCL-26 belongs to a family of CC chemokines, which are potent chemoattractants for eosinophils. In this study, we hypothesized that intestinal epithelial cells could release eotaxin-3. We demonstrate that the T helper 2 type cytokines interleukin-4 or interleukin-13 increase eotaxin-3 mRNA levels and eotaxin-3 protein expression in the human intestinal epithelial cell lines HT-29 CL.19A and T84 in a dose-dependent manner. Addition of actinomycin-D prior to interleukin-4/-13 stimulation led to decreases in eotaxin-3 mRNA levels similar to those observed in controls without interleukin-4/-13. Interleukin-4 and interleukin-13 activated signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 which was found to bind the two canonical signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 binding sites located in the eotaxin-3 promoter. Experiments with the eotaxin-3 promoter luciferase constructs revealed that the most proximal signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 binding site located between positions -62 and -71 relative to the transcriptional start was necessary for full eotaxin-3 promoter activity. Importantly, we present evidence that the signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 is necessary and sufficient for interleukin-4 or interleukin-13 mediated eotaxin-3 gene up-regulation using HT-29 CL.19A cells expressing a dominant-negative signal transducer and activator of transcription 6. Overall, these results demonstrate that epithelial eotaxin-3 is up-regulated in the context of a T helper 2 mediated inflammatory bowel disease via the signal transducer and activator of transcription 6, thus suggesting that the intestinal epithelium actively participates in the recruitment of eosinophils at the site of inflammation.

PMID:
16084752
DOI:
10.1016/j.biocel.2005.06.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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