Send to

Choose Destination
Nature. 1992 Jun 18;357(6379):596-8.

Antigen presentation enhanced by the alternatively spliced invariant chain gene product p41.

Author information

Department of Molecular Genetics and Cell Biology, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637.


During biosynthesis, class II molecules of the major histocompatibility complex are associated with a nonpolymorphic protein called invariant chain, Ii, which facilitates folding of class II molecules and their exit from the endoplasmic reticulum, interferes with their association with peptide and directs their post-Golgi transport (refs 7-9). If Ii blocks class II loading with endogenous antigens in the endoplasmic reticulum and/or directs class II molecules to the exogenous antigen-loading compartment, then the co-expression of Ii should enhance the ability of class II molecules to present exogenous antigens to T cells. But data supporting a role for Ii in class II-restricted antigen presentation are controversial. Here we show that Ii can facilitate exogenous antigen presentation for a subset of antigens. Although all known functions of Ii have been ascribed to the principal form of Ii, p31, we find that in most cases antigen presentation is facilitated only by the alternatively spliced, minor form of Ii, p41.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center