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Exp Eye Res. 2006 Feb;82(2):201-9. Epub 2005 Aug 3.

Proteome profiling of corneal epithelium and identification of marker proteins for keratoconus, a pilot study.

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Molecular Diagnostic Laboratory, Skejby Sygehus, Brendstrupgaarsvej, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark.


The purpose of this study is to identify corneal proteins differentially expressed between keratoconus and normal epithelial samples. Proteins from the corneal epithelium were isolated from 6 keratoconus and 6 myopia patients (controls) and separated by 2D-gel electrophoresis. Six % and 12% SDS-PAGE gels were used to separate low and high molecular weight proteins. Gels were silver stained and protein spots were defined by Melanie II software. The proteins that were most altered in expression comparing keratoconus and controls were extracted, trypsin-digested, and identified by mass spectroscopy. Approximately 200-500 protein spots were detected on each gel. Nineteen spots were identified as differentially expressed between keratoconus and reference epithelium including cytokeratin 3 (< 7.8 fold), gelsolin (1.6 fold), S100A4 (1.9 fold), and enolase 1 (0.72 fold). Another identified protein found at very high levels was cytokeratin 12. Gelsolin, cytokeratin 3, and cytokeratin 12 have previously been described to be involved in other corneal diseases. Three proteins, gelsolin, alpha enolase, and S100A4 were identified to be differentially expressed in keratoconus compared to reference epithelium and thus may be involved in the pathogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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