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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Sep 23;335(2):417-23.

Crystal structure of human sulfotransferase SULT1A3 in complex with dopamine and 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphate.

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National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 15 Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Bejing 100101, PR China.


The human sulfotransferase, SULT1A3, catalyzes specifically the sulfonation of monoamines such as dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. SULT1A3 also has a unique 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (Dopa)/tyrosine-sulfating activity that is preferentially toward their D-form enantiomers and can be stimulated dramatically by Mn2+. To further our understanding of the molecular basis for the unique substrate specificity of this enzyme, we solved the crystal structure of human SULT1A3, complexed with dopamine and 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphate, at 2.6 A resolution and carried out autodocking analysis with D-Dopa. The structure of SULT1A3 enzyme-ligand complex clearly showed that residue Glu146 can form electrostatic interaction with dopamine and may play a pivotal role in the stereoselectivity and sulfating activity. On the other hand, residue Asp86 appeared to be critical to the Mn2+-stimulation of the Dopa/tyrosine-sulfating activity of SULT1A3, in addition to a supporting role in the stereoselectivity and sulfating activity.

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