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J Gastroenterol. 2005 Jul;40(7):716-21.

Expression of MAGE-A1 mRNA is associated with gene hypomethylation in hepatocarcinoma cell lines.

Author information

1
Hepatology Institute, Peking University Health Science Center People's Hospital, Beijing, 100044, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A correlation between melanoma-associated antigen (MAGE) A1 mRNA expression and genome-wide hypomethylation has been observed in some carcinomas, but this relationship is not known in hepatocarcinoma.

METHODS:

Total RNA and genomic DNA were prepared from ten human hepatocarcinoma cell lines in which the genetic characteristics are stable. MAGE-1 mRNA expression was determined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and the level of genome-wide demethylation was evaluated by enzyme digestion and Southern-blot assay. The methylation status of the MAGE-A1 gene promoter was measured by enzyme digestion and PCR.

RESULTS:

MAGE-A1 mRNA was detected in the hepatocarcinoma cell lines QGY-7703, SMMC-7721, HLE, BEL-7402, BEL-7404, and BEL-7405, which showed moderate to low levels of cell differentiation. In contrast, MAGE-A1 mRNA expression was not detected in the hepatoma cell lines HepG2215, HepG2, QGY-7701, and Huh7, which showed moderate to high levels of differentiation. The level of demethylation in MAGE-A1 mRNA-positive cell lines was much higher than that in MAGE-A1 mRNA-negative cell lines (P=0.02).

CONCLUSIONS:

The results suggest that MAGE-A1 mRNA expression in human hepatoma cell lines is associated with hypomethylation of the genome and the MAGE-A1 promoter domain. This study will be helpful to reveal the expression mechanisms of MAGE-like tumor antigens in cancer cells.

PMID:
16082588
DOI:
10.1007/s00535-005-1615-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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