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EMBO Rep. 2005 Sep;6(9):879-84.

The transcription factor GATA2 regulates differentiation of brown adipocytes.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics and Complex Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.

Abstract

Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a specialized mammalian tissue and a site of adaptive thermogenesis. Although the metabolic functions of brown and white adipocytes are distinct, terminal differentiation of both adipocyte lineages is regulated by well-characterized common transcription factors. However, the early stages of adipocyte differentiation and regulation of precursor cells are not well understood. We report here that GATA2 is expressed in brown adipocyte precursors, and its expression is downregulated in a differentiation-dependent manner. Constitutive expression of GATA2 suppressed expression of BAT-specific genes in brown adipocytes, whereas disruption of a GATA2 allele in brown preadipocytes resulted in significantly elevated differentiation and expression of several markers of brown adipogenesis. Collectively, these results show that GATA2 functions to suppress brown adipocyte differentiation, whereas reduction of GATA2 promotes brown adipogenesis.

PMID:
16082385
PMCID:
PMC1369165
DOI:
10.1038/sj.embor.7400490
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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