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Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 2005 Aug;161(1):57-62.

Analysis by comparative genomic hybridization of gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination and/or positive peritoneal cytology.

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Department of Surgery, Division of General & Gastroenterological Surgery, School of Medicine, Showa University, 1-5-8 Hatanodai, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8666, Japan.


Peritoneal metastasis is an important prognostic factor in cases of gastric cancer. Although studies on comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) in gastric cancer have been reported, there are few reports on the peritoneal metastasis (P) and peritoneal cytology (CY) factors in this cancer. In this study, we analyzed the chromosomal changes in the primary tumor with a combination of laser microdissection analysis and CGH in an attempt to detect the unknown abnormal chromosomal regions. We analyzed 34 primary tumors, including 13 primary tumors with peritoneal metastasis (P1) and/or positive peritoneal cytology (CY1) using a combination of laser microdissection and CGH. The minimal overlapping regions in gains were assigned to 5p14 (46.2%), 7q21.3 (61.5%), 7q31 (46.2%), 7q36 (46.2%), 8q23 (53.8%), 15q26 (46.2%), 20q12 (61.5%), 20q13.1 (53.8%), and 20q13.2 (53.8%) in primary tumors with P1 and/or CY1. The minimal regions of losses that occurred most frequently were 4q34-q35 (23.1%) and 22q11.2 (23.1%). There were significant differences in the minimal regions of 5p14 (P=0.033), 7q21.3 (P < 0.0001), 7q31 (P=0.013), 7q36 (P=0.033), and 22q11.2 (P=0.048) between primary tumors with and without P1 and/or CY1. In this study, gain/amplification of 5p14, 7q21.3, 7q31, and 7q36, and loss of 22q11.2 were significant in gastric cancer cases with peritoneal dissemination and/or positive peritoneal cytology.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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