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Mov Disord. 2005 Dec;20(12):1623-6.

Focal dystonia in musicians: treatment strategies and long-term outcome in 144 patients.

Author information

1
Institute of Music Physiology and Musicians' Medicine, University of Music and Drama, Hannover, Germany.

Abstract

We present the long-term outcome of 144 musicians with focal dystonia after treatment with botulinum toxin (n = 71), trihexiphenidyl (n = 69), pedagogical retraining (n = 24), ergonomic changes (n = 51), or nonspecific exercises on the instrument (n = 78). Outcome was assessed by patients' subjective rating of cumulative treatment response and response to individual therapies. Seventy-seven patients (54%) reported an alleviation of symptoms: 33% of the patients with trihexiphenidyl, 49% with botulinum toxin, 50% with pedagogical retraining, 56% with unmonitored technical exercises, and 63% with ergonomic changes.

PMID:
16078237
DOI:
10.1002/mds.20631
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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