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Oncol Rep. 2005 Sep;14(3):595-9.

Caspase-dependent and -independent cell death pathways after DNA damage (Review).

Author information

1
International Radiation Information Center, Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima 734-8553, Japan. rkim@hiroshima-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Apoptosis is known to be an important phenomenon in exerting antitumor response to cancer therapy, which is regulated by Bcl-2 family proteins through mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT). Insertion by the activated Bax/Bak in response to DNA damage induces mitochondrial membrane permeabilization (MMP) via an anion channel, VDAC in mitochondrial outer membrane that plays a crucial role in releasing small molecules such as cytochrome c, Smac/DIABLO, Omi/HtrA2, AIF, and endonuclease G leading to cell death. The released small molecules are involved in caspase-dependent and -independent cell death pathway that is inhibited by Bcl-2/xL. Despite the fact that the pancaspase inhibitor, zVAD-fmk inhibited the caspase cascade, cell death mediated by caspase-independent pathway was not blocked. Similarly, although etoposide induced-apoptosis was inhibited in Bax(-/-)/Bak(-/-)mouse embryonic fibroblasts, autophagy was not inhibited, which was regulated by Bcl-xL. It appears that the cross-talk between caspase-dependent and -independent apoptotic cell death including autophagic cell death that was mediated by MPT affects overall tumor response to anticancer treatment. In this review, to assist a comprehensive understanding of MPT-mediated cell death pathway for exploring appropriate targets in cancer therapy, role of the caspase-dependent and -independent cell death pathway in the interaction of these pathways is discussed.

PMID:
16077961
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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