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J Cell Sci. 2005 Aug 15;118(Pt 16):3675-83. Epub 2005 Aug 2.

The E22K mutation of myosin RLC that causes familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy increases calcium sensitivity of force and ATPase in transgenic mice.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Cellular Pharmacology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA.


Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) is an autosomal dominant disease caused by mutations in all of the major sarcomeric proteins, including the ventricular myosin regulatory light-chain (RLC). The E22K-RLC mutation has been associated with a rare variant of cardiac hypertrophy defined by mid-left ventricular obstruction due to papillary muscle hypertrophy. This mutation was later found to cause ventricular and septal hypertrophy. We have generated transgenic (Tg) mouse lines of myc-WT (wild type) and myc-E22K mutant of human ventricular RLC and have examined the functional consequences of this FHC mutation in skinned cardiac-muscle preparations. In longitudinal sections of whole mouse hearts stained with hematoxylin and eosin, the E22K-mutant hearts of 13-month-old animals showed signs of inter-ventricular septal hypertrophy and enlarged papillary muscles with no filament disarray. Echo examination did not reveal evidence of cardiac hypertrophy in Tg-E22K mice compared to Tg-WT or Non-Tg hearts. Physiological studies utilizing skinned cardiac-muscle preparations showed an increase by DeltapCa50>or=0.1 in Ca(2+) sensitivity of myofibrillar ATPase activity and force development in Tg-E22K mice compared with Tg-WT or Non-Tg littermates. Our results suggest that E22K-linked FHC is mediated through Ca(2+)-dependent events. The FHC-mediated structural perturbations in RLC that affect Ca(2+) binding properties of the mutated myocardium are responsible for triggering the abnormal function of the heart that in turn might initiate a hypertrophic process and lead to heart failure.

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