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J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2005 Sep;68(17-18):1497-509.

Oxidative status in patients with alcohol dependence: a clinical study in Taiwan.

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1
Institute of Toxicology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between alcohol dependence and oxidative status. The biochemical parameters and antioxidants status were measured among 28 patients with alcohol dependence. Nineteen healthy persons without drinking problem were recruited as the control subjects. The activities of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), gamma glutamyltransferase (gamma-GT), and levels of cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), and uric acid were significantly increased in the specimen of patients compared with control. Serum malondialdehyde (MDA) levels of the patients were found to be significantly increased compared with controls and decreased after abstinence. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) activities were, respectively, 86% and 37% lower in alcoholic patients. After 14 d of abstinence, SOD activity was significantly reduced by 85%, CAT by 52%, and GPX by 54%, whereas no change was found in activity of glutathione reductase (GR). The duration of alcohol dependence is significantly correlated with the levels of MDA. In addition, the activity of CAT was significantly correlated with MDA levels. The results of this study suggest that oxidative stress occurred during alcohol dependence and subsequently affected the antioxidants mechanisms.

PMID:
16076762
DOI:
10.1080/15287390590967432
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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