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J Lipid Res. 2005 Oct;46(10):2246-53. Epub 2005 Aug 1.

Differential effects of HDL subpopulations on cellular ABCA1- and SR-BI-mediated cholesterol efflux.

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Lipid Metabolism Laboratory, Jean Mayer U.S. Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA.


Our objective was to evaluate the associations of individual apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I)-containing HDL subpopulation levels with ABCA1- and scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI)-mediated cellular cholesterol efflux. HDL subpopulations were measured by nondenaturing two-dimensional gel electrophoresis from 105 male subjects selected with various levels of apoA-I in pre-beta-1, alpha-1, and alpha-3 HDL particles. ApoB-containing lipoprotein-depleted serum was incubated with [(3)H]cholesterol-labeled cells to measure efflux. The difference in efflux between control and ABCA1-upregulated J774 macrophages was taken as a measure of ABCA1-mediated efflux. SR-BI-mediated efflux was determined using cholesterol-labeled Fu5AH hepatoma cells. Fractional efflux values obtained from these two cell systems were correlated with the levels of individual HDL subpopulations. A multivariate analysis showed that two HDL subspecies correlated significantly with ABCA1-mediated efflux: small, lipid-poor pre-beta-1 particles (P=0.0022) and intermediate-sized alpha-2 particles (P=0.0477). With regard to SR-BI-mediated efflux, multivariate analysis revealed significant correlations with alpha-2 (P=0.0004), alpha-1 (P=0.0030), pre-beta-1 (P=0.0056), and alpha-3 (P=0.0127) HDL particles. These data demonstrate that the small, lipid-poor pre-beta-1 HDL has the strongest association with ABCA1-mediated cholesterol even in the presence of all other HDL subpopulations. Cholesterol efflux via the SR-BI pathway is associated with several HDL subpopulations with different apolipoprotein composition, lipid content, and size.

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