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Clin Nutr. 2005 Aug;24(4):492-501. Epub 2005 Apr 9.

In vivo and in vitro properties of an intravenous lipid emulsion containing only medium chain and fish oil triglycerides.

Author information

1
Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, & Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

The triglyceride (TG) fatty acyl composition in lipid emulsions influences their metabolism. Little is known about the effects of long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on lipid emulsion metabolism. We investigated possible differences between omega-3 containing emulsions in their metabolism and tissue-targeting in vivo in a mouse model, and in vitro using lipolysis and cell culture experiments.

METHODS:

Soy oil (LCT), MCT/LCT/omega-3 (5:4:1, wt/wt/wt), and MCT/omega-3 (8:2, wt/wt) emulsions were radiolabeled with nondegradable 1alpha,2alpha (n)-[3H] cholesteryl oleoyl ether to trace core particle metabolism in C57BL/6J mice following a bolus injection. Blood samples obtained over 25 min and extracted organs were used to measure the tissue distribution of lipid emulsion particles. Lipoprotein lipase (LpL)-mediated hydrolysis experiments and cell uptake studies in cultured J774 murine macrophages were also performed.

RESULTS:

Blood clearance of 8:2 was 13.4% and 29.8% faster compared to 5:4:1 and LCT, respectively. LCT had greatest liver uptake. LpL-mediated hydrolysis was greatest in 8:2 and lowest in LCT. Overall, cell TG accumulation in the presence of apolipoprotein E was least with 8:2.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data shows that 8:2 had the most efficient blood clearance but less hepatic uptake in vivo. In vitro, 8:2 had both highest hydrolysis by LpL and intracellular TG utilization in the presence of apoE. Thus, an 8:2 lipid emulsion undergoes efficient blood clearance and may direct omega-3 PUFA more towards extrahepatic tissues.

PMID:
16054521
DOI:
10.1016/j.clnu.2005.03.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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