Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Trends Pharmacol Sci. 2005 Sep;26(9):455-61.

Context-specific inhibition of JNKs: overcoming the dilemma of protection and damage.

Author information

1
Institute of Pharmacology, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel, Germany.

Abstract

The c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs), which are essential regulators of physiological and pathological processes, are involved in several diseases including diabetes, atherosclerosis, stroke, and Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases. Inhibition of JNKs suppresses pathological features of these diseases but the many physiological functions of these enzymes argue against the use of sustained, systemic, nonspecific inhibition in the treatment of these diseases. For example, deletion of the gene that encodes JNK1 prevents insulin resistance but disrupts neuronal cytoarchitecture and initiates the pathology of Alzheimer's disease. Thus, it is not sufficient to inhibit selectively either JNKs or individual isoforms of JNK. Instead, the aim is to inhibit the damaging actions of JNK. This can be achieved using peptides that selectively block molecular domains of individual JNK signaling complexes (exclusively) that form under pathological conditions. To date, peptide inhibitors of JNK have been successful in protecting against ischemia-induced brain damage and insulin resistance following obesity. In this review, we discuss novel pharmacological strategies to inhibit JNK and the limitations of these strategies.

PMID:
16054242
DOI:
10.1016/j.tips.2005.07.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center