Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cell Metab. 2005 May;1(5):297-308.

Diet-dependent cardiovascular lipid metabolism controlled by hepatic LXRalpha.

Author information

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.


The high-cholesterol/high-fat Western diet has abetted an epidemic of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death in industrialized nations. Liver X receptors (LXRs) are oxysterol sensors that are required for normal cholesterol and triglyceride homeostasis, yet synthetic LXR agonists produce undesirable hypertriglyceridemia. Here we report a previously unrecognized role for hepatic LXRalpha in the links between diet, serum lipids, and atherosclerosis. A modest increase in hepatic LXRalpha worsened serum lipid profiles in LDL-receptor null mice fed normal chow but had the opposite effect on lipids and afforded strong protection against atherosclerosis on a Western diet. The beneficial effect of hepatic LXRalpha was abrogated by a synthetic LXR agonist, which activated SREBP-1c and its target genes. Thus, the interplay between diet and hepatic LXRalpha is a critical determinant of serum lipid profiles and cardiovascular risk, and selective modulation of LXR target genes in liver can ameliorate hyperlipidemia and cardiovascular disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Publication types, MeSH terms, Substances, Grant support

Publication types

MeSH terms


Grant support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center