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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Aug 2;46(3):403-10.

Valvular heart disease and pregnancy: part II: prosthetic valves.

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Heart Failure Program, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90033, USA.


A large number of prosthetic heart valves (PHV) are being implanted in patients with both congenital and acquired valvular disease. Many of the recipients of such valves are women of childbearing age who desire to have children. The main issues involved with pregnancy in a patient with PHV include the selection of PHV in women during their childbearing age, risks to both the mother and the fetus associated with pregnancy and the management of the patients with PHV during gestation.

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