Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
EMBO J. 2005 Aug 17;24(16):2885-95. Epub 2005 Jul 28.

Hepatocyte growth factor promotes lymphatic vessel formation and function.

Author information

1
Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Abstract

The lymphatic vascular system plays a pivotal role in mediating tissue fluid homeostasis and cancer metastasis, but the molecular mechanisms that regulate its formation and function remain poorly characterized. A comparative analysis of the gene expression of purified lymphatic endothelial cells (LEC) versus blood vascular endothelial cells (BVEC) revealed that LEC express significantly higher levels of hepatocyte growth factor receptor (HGF-R). Whereas little or no HGF-R expression was detected by lymphatic vessels of normal tissues, HGF-R was strongly expressed by regenerating lymphatic endothelium during tissue repair and by activated lymphatic vessels in inflamed skin. Treatment of cultured LEC with HGF promoted LEC proliferation, migration and tube formation. HGF-induced proliferation of LEC did not require vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-3 activation, and HGF-induced cell migration was partially mediated via integrin alpha-9. Transgenic or subcutaneous delivery of HGF promoted lymphatic vessel formation in mice, whereas systemic blockade of HGF-R inhibited lymphatic function. These results identify HGF as a novel, potent lymphangiogenesis factor, and also indicate that HGF-R might serve as a new target for inhibiting pathological lymphangiogenesis.

PMID:
16052207
PMCID:
PMC1187946
DOI:
10.1038/sj.emboj.7600763
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center