Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2005 Nov;289(5):G926-34. Epub 2005 Jul 28.

Activation of p-ERK1/2 by nicotine in pancreatic tumor cell line AR42J: effects on proliferation and secretion.

Author information

  • 1Donald W. Reynolds Department of Geriatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205, USA.


The objectives of the present study were to determine the effect of nicotine on MAPK signaling and on the proliferation of AR42J cells as well as to assess the relationship between MAPK activation and exocrine secretion in these cells. AR42J cells were incubated with nicotine and analyzed for the activation of MAPK by Western blot analysis using their respective antibodies and confirmed by immunohistochemistry. The effect of nicotine on cell proliferation was determined by the spectrophotometric method, and cell function was assessed by cholecystokinin (CCK)-stimulated amylase release into the culture medium. Nicotine at a dose of 100 microM induced phospho-ERK1/2 activation maximally in 3 min compared with untreated cells. Furthermore, immunofluorescence study confirmed the nicotine-induced increase in translocation of phospho-ERK1/2 to the nucleus. Activation of phospho-ERK1/2 was inhibited by an ERK1/2 pathway inhibitor but not by a nicotine receptor antagonist. At the same dose, there was significantly enhanced proliferation of AR42J cells until 72 h without toxic effect, as the percentage of lactate dehydrogenase release remained unchanged. Other MAPKs, c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase 1/2 and p38 MAPK, were not affected by nicotine treatment. At a nicotine dose of 100 microM, the CCK-stimulated release of amylase was maximal at 6 min, and, although a nicotinic receptor antagonist inhibited this response, it was not inhibited by the ERK1/2 pathway inhibitor. We conclude that nicotine treatment induced activation of ERK1/2 and increased the proliferation of AR42J cells. The data further indicate that MAPK signaling by nicotine is independent of the secretory response.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center