Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Nature. 2005 Jul 28;436(7050):534-7.

Unconventional critical behaviour in a quasi-two-dimensional organic conductor.

Author information

1
Department of Applied Physics, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan.

Abstract

Changing the interactions between particles in an ensemble--by varying the temperature or pressure, for example--can lead to phase transitions whose critical behaviour depends on the collective nature of the many-body system. Despite the diversity of ingredients, which include atoms, molecules, electrons and their spins, the collective behaviour can be grouped into several families (called 'universality classes') represented by canonical spin models. One kind of transition, the Mott transition, occurs when the repulsive Coulomb interaction between electrons is increased, causing wave-like electrons to behave as particles. In two dimensions, the attractive behaviour responsible for the superconductivity in high-transition temperature copper oxide and organic compounds appears near the Mott transition, but the universality class to which two-dimensional, repulsive electronic systems belongs remains unknown. Here we present an observation of the critical phenomena at the pressure-induced Mott transition in a quasi-two-dimensional organic conductor using conductance measurements as a probe. We find that the Mott transition in two dimensions is not consistent with known universality classes, as the observed collective behaviour has previously not been seen. This peculiarity must be involved in any emergent behaviour near the Mott transition in two dimensions.

PMID:
16049483
DOI:
10.1038/nature03806

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center