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Parasite Immunol. 2005 Jun;27(6):235-42.

Antigens from Ascaris suum trigger in vitro macrophage NO production.

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Laboratorio de Parasitología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Salamanca, Spain.


We investigated the in vitro effect of total excretory/secretory and somatic antigens from Ascaris suum adults (ESA and SA) and larvae 3 (ESL3 and SL3), and of 10 purified protein fractions from ESA components on rat alveolar macrophage nitric oxide (NO) production. Our results showed that in vitro incubation of macrophages with SA and SL3 antigens of A. suum did not result in NO release from cells, whereas incubation with ESA or ESL3 antigens resulted in the stimulation of NO production by these cells, both in a specific (inhibited by L-NAME and L-canavanine) and dose-dependent manner. In addition, we could demonstrate that a purified ESA fraction consisting of three Coomassie-stained bands of approximately 37, 44 and 46 kDa is involved in the in vitro triggering of NO production by host cells. These three bands were subjected to MALDI-peptide mass fingerprint, showing similarities with phosphoglycerate kinase, elongation factor Tu and enolase molecules, respectively. Future studies will focus on the characterization of these parasite-derived molecules.

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