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J Antimicrob Chemother. 2005 Sep;56(3):590-3. Epub 2005 Jul 26.

Activity of aminocandin (IP960) compared with amphotericin B and fluconazole in a neutropenic murine model of disseminated infection caused by a fluconazole-resistant strain of Candida tropicalis.

Author information

1
School of Medicine, 1.800 Stopford Building, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PT, UK. Peter.Warn@manchester.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To compare the activity of aminocandin (IP960), a new echinocandin with broad-spectrum in vitro activity against Aspergillus and Candida spp., with that of amphotericin B and fluconazole in a temporarily immunocompromised murine model of disseminated candidiasis.

METHODS:

Mice were rendered neutropenic with cyclophosphamide and infected intravenously 3 days later with a fluconazole-resistant Candida tropicalis strain. Mice were treated with intraperitoneal amphotericin B (5 mg/kg/dose), oral fluconazole (50 mg/kg/dose), intravenous aminocandin (0.1--5 mg/kg/dose) or solvent control for 9 days. Mice were observed for survival and survivors were sacrificed 11 days post-infection. Kidneys, liver, brain and lungs were removed for semi-quantitative culture.

RESULTS:

Control mice had 90--100% mortality. After infection with C. tropicalis, aminocandin 2.5 and 5 mg/kg/day and amphotericin B yielded 80% survival; aminocandin 1 mg/kg/day yielded 70% survival; aminocandin 0.25 and 0.1 mg/kg/day yielded 30% and 20% survival, respectively; and fluconazole 50 mg/kg/day and control regimens yielded 10% and 0--10% survival, respectively. Aminocandin 2.5 and 5.0 mg/kg/day and amphotericin B were superior in reducing mortality compared with aminocandin 0.25 and 0.1 mg/kg/day, fluconazole and controls (P<0.047). The only regimen to reduce organ burdens below detectable levels was amphotericin B, which cleared 40% of mice. All organ burdens in the aminocandin 1.0, 2.5 and 5.0 mg/kg/day and amphotericin B regimens were significantly lower than other groups (P<0.02).

CONCLUSIONS:

The data demonstrate that aminocandin at doses of >or=1.0 mg/kg/day is as effective as amphotericin B at improving survival and reducing organ burdens in this murine model of disseminated C. tropicalis.

PMID:
16046462
DOI:
10.1093/jac/dki268
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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