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J Biol Chem. 2005 Sep 23;280(38):32866-76. Epub 2005 Jul 26.

A novel mechanism of G protein-dependent phosphorylation of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein.

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Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA.


Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) is a major substrate of protein kinase A (PKA). Here we described the novel mechanism of VASP phosphorylation via cAMP-independent PKA activation. We showed that in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) alpha-thrombin induced phosphorylation of VASP. Specific inhibition of Galpha13 protein by the RGS domain of a guanine nucleotide exchange factor, p115RhoGEF, inhibited thrombin-dependent phosphorylation of VASP. More importantly, Galpha13-induced VASP phosphorylation was dependent on activation of RhoA and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase, MEKK1, leading to the stimulation of the NF-kappaB signaling pathway. alpha-Thrombin-dependent VASP phosphorylation was inhibited by small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of RhoA, whereas Galpha13-dependent VASP phosphorylation was inhibited by a specific RhoA inhibitor botulinum toxin C3 and by a dominant negative mutant of MEKK1. We determined that Galpha13-dependent VASP phosphorylation was also inhibited by specific PKA inhibitors, PKI and H-89. In addition, the expression of phosphorylation-deficient IkappaB and pretreatment with the proteasome inhibitor MG-132 abolished Galpha13- and alpha-thrombin-induced VASP phosphorylation. In summary, we have described a novel pathway of Galpha13-induced VASP phosphorylation that involves activation of RhoA and MEKK1, phosphorylation and degradation of IkappaB, release of PKA catalytic subunit from the complex with IkappaB and NF-kappaB, and subsequent phosphorylation of VASP.

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