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Semin Pediatr Infect Dis. 2005 Jul;16(3):175-80.

Pelvic inflammatory disease in adolescents.

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Children's Health Center, St. Joseph's Hospital, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.


Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a polymicrobial infection typically occurring in sexually active females. It occurs when microorganisms ascend from the lower genital tract into the upper genital tract. The clinical presentation varies in severity, with most patients presenting with mild disease. Complications include tubo-ovarian abscess, ectopic pregnancy, infertility, and chronic pain. The newly revised criteria issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention now include either cervical motion tenderness or adnexal tenderness with unchanged additional criteria.

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