Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Pediatr. 2005 Nov;164(11):678-84. Epub 2005 Jul 26.

Long-term serial echocardiographic examination of late anthracycline cardiotoxicity and its prevention by dexrazoxane in paediatric patients.

Author information

Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Brno, Jihlavska 20, 62500 Brno, Czech Republic.


The authors conducted an 8-year prospective non-randomised study to determine whether dexrazoxane (ICRF-187) would reduce late anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity in patients treated in childhood for haematological malignancy. The authors examined prospectively 75 patients (40 male/35 female) aged 2-17 years (median 6.5 years) at the time of diagnosis. The cardioprotection was given to 53 patients (26 male/17 female) and the standard protocol was used in 22 patients (14 male/8 female). The prospective echocardiographic evaluation was done before and after the chemotherapy and every year during the follow-up period. Dynamic stress echocardiography (DSE) was assessed in the final year. The clinical cardiotoxicity was not diagnosed. Higher cumulative doses of anthracycline were given in the dexrazoxane group (234+/-58 mg/m(2), median 240 mg/m(2) versus 203+/-86 mg/m(2), median 210 mg/m(2), P <0.04) and a significantly higher percentage of patients received cumulative doses >240 mg/m(2) of anthracycline ( P <0.05). During the follow-up period, the fractional shortening (FS) declined in the no-dexrazoxane group only in the 8th year and was significantly lower compared to the dexrazoxane group ( P <0.05). The pathological decrease in FS was present in 24% of patients; 41% in the no-dexrazoxane and 17% in the dexrazoxane groups, respectively ( P <0.05). DSE demonstrated lower rest EF and cardiac index (CI) in the no-dexrazoxane group ( P <0.05); however, neither the response of EF and CI to the stress echocardiography nor the exercise tolerance significantly differed between sub-groups. A higher number of patients in the dexrazoxane group had very good exercise tolerance (ET) >3 Watts/kg ( P <0.05) and a lower number responded with a decreased ET <2 Watts/kg ( P <0.05) compared to the no-dexrazoxane group.


Dexrazoxane seems to reduce the risk of late subclinical cardiotoxicity. Dexrazoxane-treated patients revealed better exercise tolerance; however the haemodynamic response to the stress was no different in both sub-groups.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center