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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2005 Aug;46(2):130-40.

Labedipinedilol-C: a third-generation dihydropyridine-type calcium channel antagonist displaying K+ channel opening, NO-dependent and adrenergic antagonist activities.

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1
Department and Graduate Institute of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Abstract

Intravenous and oral labedipinedilol-C showed a dose-dependent long-lasting hypotension and a decrease of heart rate in normotensive and conscious spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). In isolated Wistar rat and guinea pig tissues, labedipinedilol-C competitively antagonized (-)isoproterenol-induced cardiac stimulation, tracheal relaxation, and phenylephrine-, CaCl2-, and high-K-induced aorta contractions in a concentration-dependent manner. The estimated pA2 and pKCa values were 8.22+/-0.04 and 7.11+/-0.52, respectively. [H]CGP-12177 binding to ventricle and lung tissues as well as [H]prazosin and [H]nitrendipine binding to brain membranes were inhibited by labedipinedilol-C with Ki values of 2.86, 9.03, 0.39, and 0.05 muM, respectively. The vasorelaxant effects of labedipinedilol-C on phenylephrine (10 microM)-induced contractions were attenuated by removing endothelium, by pretreatment with soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) inhibitors ODQ (10 microM) and methylene blue (10 microM), a NOS inhibitor L-NAME (100 microM), a K channel blocker TEA (10 mM), a KATP channel blocker glibenclamide (1 microM), and Ca-dependent K channel blockers apamin (1 microM) and charybdotoxin (0.1 microM). In human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), labedipinedilol-C increased NO release, which was significantly inhibited by L-NAME. The Western blot analysis on HUVECs indicated that labedipinedilol-C increased the expression of eNOS. These results indicate that hypotension effects of labedipinedilol-C result from alpha-adrenoceptor and Ca entry-blocking activities and release of NO or NO-related substance from vascular endothelium. The endothelium-independent relaxation of vascular smooth muscle is probably linked to K channel opening and alpha-adrenoceptor-blocking activities.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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