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Neurology. 2005 Jul 26;65(2):314-6.

Clinical features of status epilepticus in patients with HIV infection.

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School of Pharmacy, Loma Linda University, 11262 Campus Street, West Hall 1333, Loma Linda, CA 92350, USA.


The authors reviewed the records of 42 patients with HIV infection and status epilepticus (SE). Brain tumor and infection were the most common etiologies. The median duration of SE was 2.0 +/- 10 hours. Most patients (37 [88%]) responded to IV benzodiazepine or phenytoin treatment. Nevertheless, 12 (29%) patients died and 15 (36%) developed new neurologic deficits. In patients with HIV infection, aggressive management of seizures may limit the risk of SE.

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