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Diabetes Care. 2005 Aug;28(8):1959-64.

Autoantibodies to autonomic nerves associated with cardiac and peripheral autonomic neuropathy.

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1
Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden. viktoria.granberg@endo.mas.lu.se

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study examines whether autonomic nerve autoantibodies (ANabs) are associated with development of autonomic neuropathy using a prospective study design.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

A group of type 1 diabetic patients were followed prospectively with regard to autonomic nerve function on four occasions. At the third examination, 41 patients were tested for ANabs (complement-fixing autoantibodies to the sympathetic ganglion, vagus nerve, and adrenal medulla), and the results were related to cardiac autonomic nerve function (heart rate variation during deep breathing [expiration/inspiration ratio] and heart-rate reaction to tilt [acceleration and brake index]) and to peripheral sympathetic nerve function (vasoconstriction after indirect cooling [vasoconstriction index]).

RESULTS:

ANabs were detected in 23 of 41 (56%) patients at the third examination. Compared with patients without ANabs (ANabs-), patients with ANabs (ANabs+) showed significantly higher frequencies of at least one abnormal cardiac autonomic nerve function test at the third examination (17 of 23 [74%] vs. 7 of 18 [39%]; P = 0.03) and fourth examination (15 of 21 [71%] vs. 4 of 16 [25%]; P < 0.01). In contrast, there was no similar difference at the first or second examination. The relative risk for ANabs(+) patients to develop cardiac autonomic neuropathy at follow-up was 7.5 (95% CI 1.72-32.80). The vasoconstriction index was more abnormal in ANabs+ than in ANabs- patients at the fourth examination (median 1.40 [interquartile range 1.58] vs. 0.35 [2.05]; P = 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

ANabs were associated with future development of cardiac and peripheral autonomic neuropathy in diabetic patients, implying an etiological relationship between nervous tissue autoimmunity and these diabetes complications.

PMID:
16043739
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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