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Int J Nurs Stud. 2006 Mar;43(3):377-87. Epub 2005 Jul 25.

Witnessed resuscitation: a concept analysis.

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Staffordshire University, Faculty of Health and Sciences, Blackheath Lane, Stafford, ST18 OAD, UK.


The science and practice of resuscitation is recognised and endorsed on an international level, yet for more than a decade it has appeared in the literature alongside words such as witnessing or witnessed to signify the practice of family presence during a resuscitation attempt. This paper explores the meaning of witnessed resuscitation using the process for concept analysis proposed by Rodgers. The term resuscitation is explored, followed by identification of relevant uses of the concept of witnessed resuscitation. The reader is introduced to conceptual variations that challenge the way in which the concept has become associated with family or relatives presence in the resuscitation room of an accident and emergency department. Conceptual clarity is further enhanced through the identification of references, antecedents and consequences of witnessed resuscitation and by providing a model case of the concept that includes its defining attributes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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