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Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2005 Jun;114(6):463-71.

Use of interferon-alpha in recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: 20-year follow-up.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatric Pathology, Institute of Pathology, Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was analysis of the results of use of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) in patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) and correlation of the results with human papillomavirus (HPV) type.

METHODS:

A multicenter prospective series (42 patients from 22 hospitals) yielded 20 years of follow-up of patients with RRP and HPV typing who were treated with IFN-alpha in doses of 3 MU/m2 3 times per week.

RESULTS:

During long-term follow-up (mean +/- SD, 172 +/- 36.8 months), the rate of event-free survival evaluated by Kaplan-Meier analysis was 42.8%, and the overall survival rate was 82.6%. The HPV typing revealed an association of HPV 11 with a more aggressive disease course (64% of HPV 11 patients versus 24% of HPV 6 patients), a lower incidence of long-term response to IFN-alpha therapy (14% of HPV 11 patients versus 64% of HPV 6 patients), and a higher incidence of malignant transformation and mortality during follow-up (36% and 24%, respectively, of HPV 11 patients versus 0% of HPV 6 patients).

CONCLUSIONS:

The obtained results revealed maximal effectiveness of IFN-alpha therapy in RRP patients with HPV 6 as compared with HPV 11. The association of HPV 11 with a worse long-term response to IFN-alpha therapy and a higher incidence of malignant transformation and mortality is clinically important and indicates the necessity of HPV typing in RRP patients after the first biopsy.

PMID:
16042104
DOI:
10.1177/000348940511400608
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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