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Dent Mater. 2005 Dec;21(12):1150-7. Epub 2005 Jul 22.

Polymerization shrinkage and contraction stress of dental resin composites.

Author information

1
Department of Dental Materials Science, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA), Universiteit van Amsterdam and Vrije Universiteit, The Netherlands. dental.materials@acta.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the shrinkage, contraction stress, tensile modulus, and the flow factor of 17 commercially available dental resin composites.

METHOD:

The volumetric shrinkage measurements were performed by mercury dilatometry, and the contraction stress and tensile modulus were determined by means of stress-strain analysis. The statistical analysis was conducted by ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test, and linear regression.

RESULTS:

Strong linear correlation for most resin composites were found for (i) contraction stress and shrinkage (ii) contraction stress and tensile modulus, and (iii) shrinkage and tensile modules. For most of the materials the unpolymerized resin content determines the amount of shrinkage, contraction stress and tensile modules. The pre-polymerized clusters in Heliomolar results in improved shrinkage/contraction stress properties. The shrinkage/contraction stress for Filtek Z100, Aelite Flo, and Flow-it was too high for the amount of resin in the resin composite. This was rationalized by high polymerization rates, a flow factor, and the nature of the resin.

SIGNIFICANCE:

High shrinkage and/or high contraction stress may lead to failure of the bond between the resin composites and the tooth structure. This study shows that the unpolymerized resin content determines the amount of shrinkage, contraction stress and tensile modules. Therefore, using pre-polymerized clusters will improve shrinkage/contraction stress properties, as was shown in Heliomolar, while high polymerization rates, and low flow factors have a deteriorative effect on the shrinkage/contraction stress properties.

PMID:
16040118
DOI:
10.1016/j.dental.2005.02.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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