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Virology. 2005 Sep 15;340(1):1-9.

Two mink parvoviruses use different cellular receptors for entry into CRFK cells.

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  • 1Laboratory of Persistent Viral Diseases, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, NIAID, NIH, Hamilton, MT 59840, USA.


Mink enteritis virus (MEV) and Aleutian mink disease parvovirus (ADV) are two mink parvoviruses that replicate permissively in Crandell feline kidney (CRFK) cells. We have used this cell model to examine if these two mink parvoviruses use the same cellular receptor. Whereas the cellular receptor for MEV is expected to be the transferrin receptor (TfR), the cellular receptor for ADV has not been clearly identified. We used short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) produced from plasmids to trigger RNA interference (RNAi), specifically and effectively reducing TfR expression in CRFK cells. TfR expression was reduced to levels undetectable by immunofluorescence in the majority of cells. In viral infection assays, we show that TfR expression was necessary for MEV infection but was not required for ADV infection. Thus, our results demonstrate that TfR is the cellular receptor for MEV, but not the cellular receptor for ADV. The use of two different receptors by MEV and ADV to infect the same cell line is yet another difference between these two parvoviruses that may contribute to their unique pathogenesis in mink.

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