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J Chromatogr A. 2005 Jun 24;1079(1-2):105-15.

Two-component protein adsorption kinetics in porous ion exchange media.

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Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904-4741, USA.


This work provides a theoretical analysis of multicomponent adsorption kinetics for conditions typical of protein adsorption in porous ion exchangers as well as experimental results for the adsorption of lysozyme/cytochrome c mixtures in the cation exchanger SP-Sepharose-FF. The theory predicts the formation of overshoots in the intraparticle concentration profiles and in the total amount adsorbed for the more weakly adsorbed component. An analytical solution valid for the case where the isotherms are rectangular is developed and found to be in good agreement with the limiting behavior of the general numerical solution of the model equations. The experimental results show that the two proteins are competitively adsorbed and that an overshoot of adsorbed cytochrome c occurs during simultaneous adsorption. Model predictions based on the assumption that the adsorption isotherms are rectangular and that lysozyme completely displaces cytochrome c are in qualitative and quantitative agreement with the experimental kinetics suggesting that the overshoot phenomena observed with multicomponent systems in these resins can be explained with a diffusion model without the need to account for flux coupling or electrophoretic contributions to transport.

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