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Dig Surg. 2005;22(3):135-42. Epub 2005 Jul 20.

Laparoscopic surgery for inflammatory bowel disease.

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1
Department of Colorectal Surgery and Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Abstract

Laparoscopic surgery has recently been gaining acceptance as an alternative approach for patients with inflammatory bowel disease. There is increasing evidence demonstrating the multiple potential benefits of laparoscopy including faster recovery, reduced costs, and lower morbidity. For patients with acute colitis, a laparoscopic subtotal colectomy and end ileostomy have been shown to be feasible and safe in experienced hands. When indicated, many of these patients may be able to safely undergo a subsequent laparoscopic approach for construction of an ileo-anal pouch. Although still controversial, an elective laparoscopic restorative proctocolectomy with ileo-anal pouch anastomosis has also been shown to be feasible with functional outcomes at least similar to those obtained with an open approach. However, larger randomized series of patients are needed with longer follow-up in order to draw definite conclusions. For Crohn's disease, a laparoscopic approach is ideal for stoma creation. In addition, laparoscopic ileo-colectomy is arguably the preferred approach for patients with terminal ileal disease. Some experienced laparoscopic groups have also applied laparoscopic techniques for more complicated cases with recurrent disease or disease-related complications, such as fistulous disease. Other short-term benefits of a laparoscopic approach may include a decreased incidence of ventral hernias, decreased incidence of small bowel obstruction, and faster recovery. These benefits may also have significant economic impact. In contrast to earlier reports, there is reliable evidence that conversion is not associated with a poorer outcome. A policy of starting most suitable cases laparoscopically may offer patients the potential benefits of a laparoscopic approach without increasing morbidity.

PMID:
16037671
DOI:
10.1159/000087130
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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