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Blood. 2005 Nov 15;106(10):3370-3. Epub 2005 Jul 21.

JAK2 mutation 1849G>T is rare in acute leukemias but can be found in CMML, Philadelphia chromosome-negative CML, and megakaryocytic leukemia.

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  • 1Department of Leukemia, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, 77030, USA.


An activating 1849G>T mutation of JAK2 (Janus kinase 2) tyrosine kinase was recently described in chronic myeloproliferative disorders (MPDs). Its role in other hematologic neoplasms is unclear. We developed a quantitative pyrosequencing assay and analyzed 374 samples of hematologic neoplasms. The mutation was frequent in polycythemia vera (PV) (86%) and myelofibrosis (95%) but less prevalent in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with an antecedent PV or myelofibrosis (5 [36%] of 14 patients). JAK2 mutation was also detected in 3 (19%) of 16 patients with Philadelphia-chromosome (Ph)-negative chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), 2 (18%) of 11 patients with megakaryocytic AML, 7 (13%) of 52 patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, and 1 (1%) of 68 patients with myelodysplastic syndromes. No mutation was found in Ph(+)CML (99 patients), AML M0-M6 (28 patients), or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (20 patients). We conclude that the JAK2 1849G>T mutation is common in Ph(-) MPD but not critical for transformation to the acute phase of these diseases and that it is generally rare in aggressive leukemias.

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