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N Z Vet J. 1996 Jun;44(3):112-5.

Use of praziquantel for the control of Moniezia expansa in lambs.

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Agvet Consultants Limited, Unit 702,5A Hopetoun Street, Auckland, New Zealand.


The efficacy of a drench containing praziquantel in combination with levamisole was evaluated in four trials performed in the 1990-91 and 1992-93 seasons in the Waikato Region of New Zealand. The trials involved 93 naturally infected lambs and compared the efficacy of a 3.75 mg/kg praziquantel 7.5mg/kg levamisole drench against Moniezia expansa, with albendazole, an albendazole-levamisole combination and oxyclozanide-levamisole combination in controlled trials. There was no significant reduction in the number of Moniezia expansa scoleces or proglottids in the control, albendazole and albendazole-levamisole groups. Oxyclozanide gave a high clearance of proglottids, but a 28% reduction of scoleces. The praziquantel-levamisole combination demonstrated complete removal of segments in all trials, and of scoleces in two trials. One scolex was found in each of the two other trials. The combination was also tested for efficacy against nematode parasites. Total worm counts indicated that levamisole in the praziquantel-levamisole combination drench retained its efficacy. The economic benefits of the use of the praziquantel-levamisole drench were investigated. This trial compared the liveweight gains of three groups of 100 lambs treated twice 4 weeks apart with either levamisole or with the praziquantel-levamisole combination or acting as untreated control group. The group treated with the praziquantel-levamisole combination gained significantly more weight in both 4-week periods and overall, when compared with either the control or levamisole treated animals.

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