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Respir Res. 2005 Jul 19;6:74.

Cigarette smoke induces IL-8, but inhibits eotaxin and RANTES release from airway smooth muscle.

Author information

1
Experimental Studies National Heart & Lung Institute, Imperial College, London SW36LY, UK. u.oltmanns@imperial.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cigarette smoke is the leading risk factor for the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) an inflammatory condition characterised by neutrophilic inflammation and release of proinflammatory mediators such as interleukin-8 (IL-8). Human airway smooth muscle cells (HASMC) are a source of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. We investigated whether cigarette smoke could directly induce the release of chemokines from HASMC.

METHODS:

HASMC in primary culture were exposed to cigarette smoke extract (CSE) with or without TNFalpha. Chemokines were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and gene expression by real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Data were analysed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Bonferroni's t test

RESULTS:

CSE (5, 10 and 15%) induced IL-8 release and expression without effect on eotaxin or RANTES release. At 20%, there was less IL-8 release. TNFalpha enhanced CSE-induced IL-8 release and expression. However, CSE (5-30%) inhibited TNFalpha-induced eotaxin and RANTES production. The effects of CSE on IL-8 release were inhibited by glutathione (GSH) and associated with the induction of the oxidant sensing protein, heme oxygenase-1.

CONCLUSION:

Cigarette smoke may directly cause the release of IL-8 from HASMC, an effect enhanced by TNF-alpha which is overexpressed in COPD. Inhibition of eotaxin and RANTES by cigarette smoke is consistent with the predominant neutrophilic but not eosinophilic inflammation found in COPD.

PMID:
16029496
PMCID:
PMC1187925
DOI:
10.1186/1465-9921-6-74
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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