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Br J Dermatol. 2005 Jul;153(1):66-71.

Induction of a chemoattractive proinflammatory cytokine response after stimulation of keratinocytes with Propionibacterium acnes and coproporphyrin III.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology and Allergology, University of Munich, Germany. Martin.Schaller@med.uni-tuebingen.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The inflammation in acne vulgaris is widely thought to be induced by an immunological reaction, but the role of Propionibacterium acnes is unclear.

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the local host response mechanism of a keratinocyte cell line 3 h and 6 h after stimulation with viable and heat-killed P. acnes.

METHODS:

The quantitative expression of cytokines was measured at the mRNA level by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.

RESULTS:

The coincubation of a keratinocyte cell line with viable, but not heat-killed, P. acnes modulated an adequate cytokine response for interleukin (IL)-1beta, granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor and IL-8. High-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of the in vivo porphyrin pattern secreted by P. acnes revealed a predominance of coproporphyrin III in acne lesions. This same porphyrin fraction also modestly induced IL-8 expression by keratinocytes.

CONCLUSIONS:

This cytokine pattern may favour a chemotactic response and implicates P. acnes and coproporphyrin III in the recruitment of inflammatory cells to the site of infection and in the development of acne lesions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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